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Multiple sheet Excel Document from SAP using OLE



 
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PostPosted: Sun Oct 14, 2007 7:09 pm    Post subject: Multiple sheet Excel Document from SAP using OLE Reply with quote

The following ABAP code can be copied and pasted into your ABAP editor directly and when executed will demonstrate how to create a Microsoft Excel document. The example will create a document which has 3 sheets so allows you to see how to create a multiple sheet Excel document.

Code:

*&---------------------------------------------------------------------*
*& Report  ZMULTIEXCEL                                                  *
*&                                                                     *
*&---------------------------------------------------------------------*
*&                                                                     *
*&                                                                     *
*&---------------------------------------------------------------------*
REPORT  MULTIEXCEL                    .

INCLUDE ole2incl.
DATA: application TYPE ole2_object,
       workbook TYPE ole2_object,
       sheet TYPE ole2_object,
       cells TYPE ole2_object.
CONSTANTS: row_max TYPE i VALUE 256.
DATA index TYPE i.

DATA: BEGIN OF itab1 OCCURS 0, first_name(10), END OF itab1.
DATA: BEGIN OF itab2 OCCURS 0, last_name(10), END OF itab2.
DATA: BEGIN OF itab3 OCCURS 0, formula(50), END OF itab3.


************************************************************************
*START-OF-SELECTION
START-OF-SELECTION.

  APPEND: 'Peter' TO itab1, 'Ivanov' TO itab2,
                              '=Sheet1!A1 & " " & Sheet2!A1' TO itab3,
            'John' TO itab1, 'Smith' TO itab2,
                              '=Sheet1!A2 & " " & Sheet2!A2' TO itab3.

  CREATE OBJECT application 'excel.application'.
  SET PROPERTY OF application 'visible' = 1.
  CALL METHOD OF application 'Workbooks' = workbook.
  CALL METHOD OF workbook 'Add'.

* Create first Excel Sheet
  CALL METHOD OF application 'Worksheets' = sheet
                               EXPORTING #1 = 1.
  CALL METHOD OF sheet 'Activate'.
  SET PROPERTY OF sheet 'Name' = 'Sheet1'.
  LOOP AT itab1.
    index = row_max * ( sy-tabix - 1 ) + 1. " 1 - column name
    CALL METHOD OF sheet 'Cells' = cells EXPORTING #1 = index.
    SET PROPERTY OF cells 'Value' = itab1-first_name.
  ENDLOOP.

* Create second Excel sheet
  CALL METHOD OF application 'Worksheets' = sheet
                               EXPORTING #1 = 2.
  SET PROPERTY OF sheet 'Name' = 'Sheet2'.
  CALL METHOD OF sheet 'Activate'.
  LOOP AT itab2.
    index = row_max * ( sy-tabix - 1 ) + 1. " 1 - column name
    CALL METHOD OF sheet 'Cells' = cells EXPORTING #1 = index.
    SET PROPERTY OF cells 'Value' = itab2-last_name.
  ENDLOOP.

* Create third Excel sheet
  CALL METHOD OF application 'Worksheets' = sheet
                               EXPORTING #1 = 3.
  SET PROPERTY OF sheet 'Name' = 'Sheet3'.
  CALL METHOD OF sheet 'Activate'.
  LOOP AT itab3.
    index = row_max * ( sy-tabix - 1 ) + 1. " 1 - column name
    CALL METHOD OF sheet 'Cells' = cells EXPORTING #1 = index.
    SET PROPERTY OF cells 'Formula' = itab3-formula.
    SET PROPERTY OF cells 'Value' = itab3-formula.
  ENDLOOP.

* Save excel speadsheet to particular filename
  CALL METHOD OF sheet 'SaveAs'
                  EXPORTING #1 = 'c:\temp\exceldoc1.xls'     "filename
                            #2 = 1.                          "fileFormat
                           
*  Closes excel window, data is lost if not saved
*  SET PROPERTY OF application 'visible' = 0.

Quick guide to some of the OLE statements for OLE processing in this program as well as a few other ones.* Save Excel speadsheet to particular filename
Code:

CALL METHOD OF sheet 'SaveAs'
                EXPORTING #1 = 'c:\temp\exceldoc1.xls'     "filename
                          #2 = 1.                          "fileFormat

* Save Excel document
CALL METHOD OF sheet 'SAVE'.

* Quits out of Excel document
CALL METHOD OF sheet 'QUIT'.

*  Closes visible Excel window, data is lost if not saved
SET PROPERTY OF application 'visible' = 0.
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