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Send Excel to external email from within ABAP program



 
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PostPosted: Tue Nov 11, 2008 10:16 pm    Post subject: Send Excel to external email from within ABAP program Reply with quote

Send external email from within ABAP program

The code below demonstrates how to send an email to an external email address(test@sapdev.co.uk), where the data is stored within a .xls attachment.

Code:
*&---------------------------------------------------------------------*
*& Report  ZEMAIL_ATTACH                                               *
*&                                                                     *
*&---------------------------------------------------------------------*
*& Example of sending external email via SAPCONNECT                    *
*&                                                                     *
*&---------------------------------------------------------------------*
REPORT  ZEMAIL_ATTACH                   .
TABLES: ekko.

PARAMETERS: p_email   TYPE somlreci1-receiver
                                  DEFAULT 'test@sapdev.co.uk'.

TYPES: BEGIN OF t_ekpo,
  ebeln TYPE ekpo-ebeln,
  ebelp TYPE ekpo-ebelp,
  aedat TYPE ekpo-aedat,
  matnr TYPE ekpo-matnr,
 END OF t_ekpo.
DATA: it_ekpo TYPE STANDARD TABLE OF t_ekpo INITIAL SIZE 0,
      wa_ekpo TYPE t_ekpo.

TYPES: BEGIN OF t_charekpo,
  ebeln(10) TYPE c,
  ebelp(5)  TYPE c,
  aedat(8)  TYPE c,
  matnr(18) TYPE c,
 END OF t_charekpo.
DATA: wa_charekpo TYPE t_charekpo.

DATA:   it_message TYPE STANDARD TABLE OF solisti1 INITIAL SIZE 0
                WITH HEADER LINE.
DATA:   it_attach TYPE STANDARD TABLE OF solisti1 INITIAL SIZE 0
                WITH HEADER LINE.

DATA:   t_packing_list LIKE sopcklsti1 OCCURS 0 WITH HEADER LINE,
        t_contents LIKE solisti1 OCCURS 0 WITH HEADER LINE,
        t_receivers LIKE somlreci1 OCCURS 0 WITH HEADER LINE,
        t_attachment LIKE solisti1 OCCURS 0 WITH HEADER LINE,
        t_object_header LIKE solisti1 OCCURS 0 WITH HEADER LINE,
        w_cnt TYPE i,
        w_sent_all(1) TYPE c,
        w_doc_data LIKE sodocchgi1,
        gd_error    TYPE sy-subrc,
        gd_reciever TYPE sy-subrc.


************************************************************************
*START_OF_SELECTION
START-OF-SELECTION.
*   Retrieve sample data from table ekpo
  PERFORM data_retrieval.

*   Populate table with detaisl to be entered into .xls file
  PERFORM build_xls_data_table.


************************************************************************
*END-OF-SELECTION
END-OF-SELECTION.
* Populate message body text
  perform populate_email_message_body.

* Send file by email as .xls speadsheet
  PERFORM send_file_as_email_attachment
                               tables it_message
                                      it_attach
                                using p_email
                                      'Example .xls documnet attachment'
                                      'XLS'
                                      'filename'
                                      ' '
                                      ' '
                                      ' '
                             changing gd_error
                                      gd_reciever.

*   Instructs mail send program for SAPCONNECT to send email(rsconn01)
  PERFORM initiate_mail_execute_program.


*&---------------------------------------------------------------------*
*&      Form  DATA_RETRIEVAL
*&---------------------------------------------------------------------*
*       Retrieve data form EKPO table and populate itab it_ekko
*----------------------------------------------------------------------*
FORM data_retrieval.
  SELECT ebeln ebelp aedat matnr
   UP TO 10 ROWS
    FROM ekpo
    INTO TABLE it_ekpo.
ENDFORM.                    " DATA_RETRIEVAL


*&---------------------------------------------------------------------*
*&      Form  BUILD_XLS_DATA_TABLE
*&---------------------------------------------------------------------*
*       Build data table for .xls document
*----------------------------------------------------------------------*
FORM build_xls_data_table.
  CONSTANTS: con_cret TYPE x VALUE '0D',  "OK for non Unicode
             con_tab TYPE x VALUE '09'.   "OK for non Unicode

*If you have Unicode check active in program attributes thnen you will
*need to declare constants as follows
*class cl_abap_char_utilities definition load.
*constants:
*    con_tab  type c value cl_abap_char_utilities=>HORIZONTAL_TAB,
*    con_cret type c value cl_abap_char_utilities=>CR_LF.


  CONCATENATE 'EBELN' 'EBELP' 'AEDAT' 'MATNR'
         INTO it_attach SEPARATED BY con_tab.
  CONCATENATE con_cret it_attach  INTO it_attach.
  APPEND  it_attach.

  LOOP AT it_ekpo INTO wa_charekpo.
    CONCATENATE wa_charekpo-ebeln wa_charekpo-ebelp
                wa_charekpo-aedat wa_charekpo-matnr
           INTO it_attach SEPARATED BY con_tab.
    CONCATENATE con_cret it_attach  INTO it_attach.
    APPEND  it_attach.
  ENDLOOP.
ENDFORM.                    " BUILD_XLS_DATA_TABLE


*&---------------------------------------------------------------------*
*&      Form  SEND_FILE_AS_EMAIL_ATTACHMENT
*&---------------------------------------------------------------------*
*       Send email
*----------------------------------------------------------------------*
FORM send_file_as_email_attachment tables pit_message
                                          pit_attach
                                    using p_email
                                          p_mtitle
                                          p_format
                                          p_filename
                                          p_attdescription
                                          p_sender_address
                                          p_sender_addres_type
                                 changing p_error
                                          p_reciever.


  DATA: ld_error    TYPE sy-subrc,
        ld_reciever TYPE sy-subrc,
        ld_mtitle LIKE sodocchgi1-obj_descr,
        ld_email LIKE  somlreci1-receiver,
        ld_format TYPE  so_obj_tp ,
        ld_attdescription TYPE  so_obj_nam ,
        ld_attfilename TYPE  so_obj_des ,
        ld_sender_address LIKE  soextreci1-receiver,
        ld_sender_address_type LIKE  soextreci1-adr_typ,
        ld_receiver LIKE  sy-subrc.

  ld_email   = p_email.
  ld_mtitle = p_mtitle.
  ld_format              = p_format.
  ld_attdescription      = p_attdescription.
  ld_attfilename         = p_filename.
  ld_sender_address      = p_sender_address.
  ld_sender_address_type = p_sender_addres_type.


* Fill the document data.
  w_doc_data-doc_size = 1.

* Populate the subject/generic message attributes
  w_doc_data-obj_langu = sy-langu.
  w_doc_data-obj_name  = 'SAPRPT'.
  w_doc_data-obj_descr = ld_mtitle .
  w_doc_data-sensitivty = 'F'.

* Fill the document data and get size of attachment
  CLEAR w_doc_data.
  READ TABLE it_attach INDEX w_cnt.
  w_doc_data-doc_size =
     ( w_cnt - 1 ) * 255 + STRLEN( it_attach ).
  w_doc_data-obj_langu  = sy-langu.
  w_doc_data-obj_name   = 'SAPRPT'.
  w_doc_data-obj_descr  = ld_mtitle.
  w_doc_data-sensitivty = 'F'.
  CLEAR t_attachment.
  REFRESH t_attachment.
  t_attachment[] = pit_attach[].

* Describe the body of the message
  CLEAR t_packing_list.
  REFRESH t_packing_list.
  t_packing_list-transf_bin = space.
  t_packing_list-head_start = 1.
  t_packing_list-head_num = 0.
  t_packing_list-body_start = 1.
  DESCRIBE TABLE it_message LINES t_packing_list-body_num.
  t_packing_list-doc_type = 'RAW'.
  APPEND t_packing_list.

* Create attachment notification
  t_packing_list-transf_bin = 'X'.
  t_packing_list-head_start = 1.
  t_packing_list-head_num   = 1.
  t_packing_list-body_start = 1.

  DESCRIBE TABLE t_attachment LINES t_packing_list-body_num.
  t_packing_list-doc_type   =  ld_format.
  t_packing_list-obj_descr  =  ld_attdescription.
  t_packing_list-obj_name   =  ld_attfilename.
  t_packing_list-doc_size   =  t_packing_list-body_num * 255.
  APPEND t_packing_list.

* Add the recipients email address
  CLEAR t_receivers.
  REFRESH t_receivers.
  t_receivers-receiver = ld_email.
  t_receivers-rec_type = 'U'.
  t_receivers-com_type = 'INT'.
  t_receivers-notif_del = 'X'.
  t_receivers-notif_ndel = 'X'.
  APPEND t_receivers.

  CALL FUNCTION 'SO_DOCUMENT_SEND_API1'
       EXPORTING
            document_data              = w_doc_data
            put_in_outbox              = 'X'
            sender_address             = ld_sender_address
            sender_address_type        = ld_sender_address_type
            commit_work                = 'X'
       IMPORTING
            sent_to_all                = w_sent_all
       TABLES
            packing_list               = t_packing_list
            contents_bin               = t_attachment
            contents_txt               = it_message
            receivers                  = t_receivers
       EXCEPTIONS
            too_many_receivers         = 1
            document_not_sent          = 2
            document_type_not_exist    = 3
            operation_no_authorization = 4
            parameter_error            = 5
            x_error                    = 6
            enqueue_error              = 7
            OTHERS                     = 8.

* Populate zerror return code
  ld_error = sy-subrc.

* Populate zreceiver return code
  LOOP AT t_receivers.
    ld_receiver = t_receivers-retrn_code.
  ENDLOOP.
ENDFORM.


*&---------------------------------------------------------------------*
*&      Form  INITIATE_MAIL_EXECUTE_PROGRAM
*&---------------------------------------------------------------------*
*       Instructs mail send program for SAPCONNECT to send email.
*----------------------------------------------------------------------*
FORM initiate_mail_execute_program.
  WAIT UP TO 2 SECONDS.
  SUBMIT rsconn01 WITH mode = 'INT'
                WITH output = 'X'
                AND RETURN.
ENDFORM.                    " INITIATE_MAIL_EXECUTE_PROGRAM


*&---------------------------------------------------------------------*
*&      Form  POPULATE_EMAIL_MESSAGE_BODY
*&---------------------------------------------------------------------*
*        Populate message body text
*----------------------------------------------------------------------*
form populate_email_message_body.
  REFRESH it_message.
  it_message = 'Please find attached a list test ekpo records'.
  APPEND it_message.
endform.                    " POPULATE_EMAIL_MESSAGE_BODY
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