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Copy a data from Excel using clipboard



 
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PostPosted: Thu May 17, 2012 9:42 am    Post subject: Copy a data from Excel using clipboard Reply with quote

Source: http://scn.sap.com/thread/156153
Author: Rich Heilman

Code:
report zrich_0001 .

types: begin of tintern,
       row(4) type n,
       col(4) type n,
<b>       value(80) type c,</b>
       end of tintern.

TYPES: ty_d_itabvalue             TYPE <b>tintern-value,</b>
       ty_t_itab                  TYPE <b>tintern</b>   OCCURS 0,
       begin of ty_s_senderline,
         line(4096)               type c,
       end of ty_s_senderline,
       ty_t_sender                type ty_s_senderline  occurs 0.


  constants: gc_hex_tab  type x  value 9,
             gc_esc              value '"'.

data: iexcel type table of tintern with header line.

parameters: p_file type localfile,
            p_bcol type i default 1,
            p_brow type i default 1,
            p_ecol type i default 99 ,
            p_erow type i default 99.

perform upload_excel   tables iexcel
                    using p_file p_bcol p_brow
                                 p_ecol p_erow.

loop at iexcel.
  write:/ iexcel-row, iexcel-col, iexcel-value.

endloop.


*---------------------------------------------------------------------*
*       FORM upload_excel                                             *
*---------------------------------------------------------------------*
form upload_excel   tables intern
                    using filename i_begin_col i_begin_row
                                  i_end_col i_end_row.

  type-pools: ole2.

  data: excel_tab     type  ty_t_sender.
  data: ld_separator  type  c.
  data: application   type  ole2_object,
        workbook      type  ole2_object,
        range         type  ole2_object,
        worksheet     type  ole2_object.
  data: h_cell        type  ole2_object,
        h_cell1       type  ole2_object.

  field-symbols: <field>.

* Makro für Fehlerbehandlung der Methods
  define m_message.
    case sy-subrc.
      when 0.
      when 1.
        message id sy-msgid type sy-msgty number sy-msgno
                with sy-msgv1 sy-msgv2 sy-msgv3 sy-msgv4.
      when others. raise upload_ole.
    endcase.
  end-of-definition.


* check parameters
*if i_begin_row > i_end_row. raise inconsistent_parameters. endif.
*if i_begin_col > i_end_col. raise inconsistent_parameters. endif.

* set seperator. Direct move is not sufficient (cause of hex type)
  assign ld_separator to <field> type 'X'.
  <field> = gc_hex_tab.

* open file in Excel
  if application-header = space or application-handle = -1.
    create object application 'Excel.Application'.
    m_message.
  endif.
  call method  of application    'Workbooks' = workbook.
  m_message.
  call method  of workbook 'Open'    exporting #1 = filename.
  m_message.
*  set property of application 'Visible' = 1.
*  m_message.
  get property of  application 'ACTIVESHEET' = worksheet.
  m_message.

* mark whole spread sheet
  call method of worksheet 'Cells' = h_cell
      exporting #1 = i_begin_row #2 = i_begin_col.
  m_message.
  call method of worksheet 'Cells' = h_cell1
      exporting #1 = i_end_row #2 = i_end_col.
  m_message.

  call method  of worksheet 'RANGE' = range
                 exporting #1 = h_cell #2 = h_cell1.
  m_message.
  call method of range 'SELECT'.
  m_message.

* copy marked area (whole spread sheet) into Clippboard
  call method of range 'COPY'.
  m_message.

* Without control flush, CLPB_IMPORT does not find any data
  call function 'CONTROL_FLUSH'
       exceptions
            others = 3.

* read clipboard into ABAP
  call function 'CLPB_IMPORT'
       tables
            data_tab   = excel_tab
       exceptions
            clpb_error = 1
            others     = 2.
  if sy-subrc <> 0.
    message a037(alsmex).
  endif.

  perform separated_to_intern_convert
                                      tables excel_tab intern
                                      using  ld_separator.

* clear clipboard
  refresh excel_tab.
  call function 'CLPB_EXPORT'
       tables
            data_tab   = excel_tab
       exceptions
            clpb_error = 1
            others     = 2.

* quit Excel and free ABAP Object - unfortunately, this does not kill
* the Excel process
  call method of application 'QUIT'.
  m_message.

  free   object application.
  m_message.


endform.

*---------------------------------------------------------------------*
*       FORM separated_to_intern_convert                              *
*---------------------------------------------------------------------*
*       ........                                                      *
*---------------------------------------------------------------------*
*  -->  I_TAB                                                         *
*  -->  I_INTERN                                                      *
*  -->  I_SEPARATOR                                                   *
*---------------------------------------------------------------------*
form separated_to_intern_convert tables i_tab       type ty_t_sender
                                        i_intern    type ty_t_itab
                                 using  i_separator type c.
  data: l_sic_tabix like sy-tabix,
        l_sic_col   type kcd_ex_col.
  data: l_fdpos     like sy-fdpos.

  refresh i_intern.

  loop at i_tab.
    l_sic_tabix = sy-tabix.
    l_sic_col = 0.
    while i_tab ca i_separator.
      l_fdpos = sy-fdpos.
      l_sic_col = l_sic_col + 1.
      perform line_to_cell_separat tables i_intern
                                   using  i_tab l_sic_tabix l_sic_col
                                          i_separator l_fdpos.
    endwhile.
    if i_tab <> space.
      clear i_intern.
      i_intern-row = l_sic_tabix.
      i_intern-col = l_sic_col + 1.
      i_intern-value = i_tab.
      append i_intern.
    endif.
  endloop.
endform.                    " SEPARATED_TO_INTERN_CONVERT

FORM line_to_cell_separat TABLES i_intern    type ty_t_itab
                          USING  i_line
                                 i_row       LIKE sy-tabix
                                 ch_cell_col TYPE kcd_ex_col
                                 i_separator TYPE c
                                 i_fdpos     LIKE sy-fdpos.
  DATA: l_string   TYPE ty_s_senderline.
  DATA  l_sic_int  TYPE i.

  CLEAR i_intern.
  l_sic_int = i_fdpos.
  i_intern-row = i_row.
  l_string = i_line.
  i_intern-col = ch_cell_col.
* csv Dateien mit separator in Zelle: --> ;"abc;cd";
  IF ( i_separator = ';' OR  i_separator = ',' ) AND
       l_string(1) = gc_esc.
      PERFORM line_to_cell_esc_sep USING l_string
                                         l_sic_int
                                         i_separator
                                         i_intern-value.
  ELSE.
    IF l_sic_int > 0.
      i_intern-value = i_line(l_sic_int).
    ENDIF.
  ENDIF.
  IF l_sic_int > 0.
    APPEND i_intern.
  ENDIF.
  l_sic_int = l_sic_int + 1.
  i_line = i_line+l_sic_int.
ENDFORM.

*---------------------------------------------------------------------*
FORM line_to_cell_esc_sep USING i_string
                                i_sic_int      TYPE i
                                i_separator    TYPE c
                                i_intern_value type ty_d_itabvalue   .
  DATA: l_int TYPE i,
        l_cell_end(2).
  FIELD-SYMBOLS: <l_cell>.
  l_cell_end = gc_esc.
  l_cell_end+1 = i_separator .

  IF i_string CS gc_esc.
    i_string = i_string+1.
    IF i_string CS l_cell_end.
      l_int = sy-fdpos.
      ASSIGN i_string(l_int) TO <l_cell>.
      i_intern_value = <l_cell>.
      l_int = l_int + 2.
      i_sic_int = l_int.
      i_string = i_string+l_int.
    ELSEIF i_string CS gc_esc.
*     letzte Celle
      l_int = sy-fdpos.
      ASSIGN i_string(l_int) TO <l_cell>.
      i_intern_value = <l_cell>.
      l_int = l_int + 1.
      i_sic_int = l_int.
      i_string = i_string+l_int.
      l_int = strlen( i_string ).
      IF l_int > 0 . MESSAGE x001(kx) . ENDIF.
    ELSE.
      MESSAGE x001(kx) . "was ist mit csv-Format
    ENDIF.
  ENDIF.

ENDFORM.
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